Euthyphro in 21st century

 

Euthyphro in 21st century

(Socrates and Euthyphro in The king’ s i.e Archon’s court)

 

Socrates: Hey Euthyphro, how come you are here?

 

Euthyphro: I am here to prosecute my father for a murder.but what are you doing here?

 

Socrates:  I am also here in connection with a litigation in which I have to answer the charges leveled against me by Anitus and Melitus and company. They have accused me of leading the youths stray and also worshipping foreign Gods.

 

Euthyphro :so sad.

 

Socrates: But how could your father murder some one. He is such a nice man.

 

Euthyphro: Oh, he did not do it knowingly. But a murder is a murder. And it is in the interest of Piety or justice that he be punished.

 

Socrates: But, I think puniing one’s own father is not right, nor it is pious.

 

Euthyphro: No, I think, rules of  piety and righteousness are same for one and all. So, even if a father acts in an injudicious manner, he has to be punished by a sun with the help of the court.

 

Socrates: But what is Piety? What is righteousness? Do you know it. Can you define it.

 

Euthyphro: yes I know it that which is right and pious is dear to Gods and that which is wrong and impious is abhorrent to Gods.

 

Socrates: that is fine. But how can you or I know what is dear to the Gods and what is abhorrent to the Gods.

 

Euthyphro: there are many ways.

 

Socrates: tell me some of them.

 

Euthyphro: Well, one is the traditional belief  about right and wrong.

 

Socrates: go on.

 

Euthyphro: Other is the looking into holybook.

 

Socrates: and?

 

Euthyphro : the consensus of the people around.

 

Socrates: but all of these are very fond of giving quite contrary and conflicting opinion on almost every issue.

 

Euthyphro: that is right.

 

Socrates: then what to do? Think of some other definition for piety and righteousness.

 

Euthyphro: I cannot think of anything more. You think and tell.

 

Socrates: What can I do. All the world knows that I know nothing. The thinking and answering has to be done by you. Just put a little stress on your head and you will certainly come out with some better definition  of piety.

 

Euthyphro: yes, I got it. Just as you mentioned ‘head’ I suddenly recollected that whenever I thought of doing something wrong, some part of my head though feebly tried  to desist me from that.

 

Socrates: Right. Go ahead.

 

Euthyphro: When ever I  heeded that feeble voice from a part of my head, I came out of that issue as a happier man. But whenever, I did not heed that; I ended up as a sad person and cut a sorry figure.

 

Socrates: So, to decide whether some thing is right or wrong in the eyes of God, we should look within.

 

Euthyphro:  But the problem is that dissenting voice in the head is very feeble, and I often do not feel like heeding this.

 

Socrates: Is that the case now?

 

Euthyphro: No, this time the voice was quite strong which said that I must prosecute my father.

 

Socrates: I see. Is that voice negative as well as positive as the case and issue may demand.

 

Euthyphro: Yes.

 

Socrates: But in my case case, it is only negative. It only says me ‘what not to do’ it never says me ‘ what to do.

 

Euthyphro: It means that the Gods within you are not strong enough.

 

Socrates: Yes. It may be the case. After all. I have grown old. Now, it is time for me to go to the court. But,  I would like to caution you that you should not tell any one that you look for Gods’ within.

 

Euthyphro: but why?

 

Socrates: fool, they will try also for the same thing as they are doing in my case.

 

Euthyphro: Well, I will heed your outside advice also.

 

Socrates: yes, you should. I do not wish that youths should also meet the fate of a old person like me.

 

Euthyphro: thatnks, Socrates. I must say that you may not know your self anything. But you certainly help others in knowing all kind of things. Before talking to you I did not have such a clear Idea of Sacred and profane or right or wrong.

 

Socrates: yes, but do you think that believing in Gods outside is of no avail and use less?

 

Euthyphro: No, believing in Gods outside is also Good. They punish the wrong doing in the same life.

 

Socrates: It means if you donot heed the Gods within, Gods without will punish you.

 

Euthyphro: Well said. Moreover, the fear of punishment by Gods outside, makes the feeble voices of the Gods within stronger. I have to this realization after talking to you.

 

Socrates: But now I have developed some doubts about this realization. Do you think that Gods within will always guide you correctly.

 

Euthyphro: why not?

 

Socrates: but what if your mind is inebriated  or intoxicated?

 

Euthyphro: O! I could not think what to do in this case as in such a situation the Gods within may very well fail?

 

Socrates: So, in the end we are no wiser! We could not arrive at a definition of pious or righteousness.

 

Euthyphro: This is not my fault. You always do this to all Athenian. You are just keen on wasting the time of others in the name of dialectics and discussion.

 

Socrates: But what can even I do? If I do not voice my doubts people will carry on with wring belief.

 

इसे भी पढ़ें

Donot be afraid of death

Do not be afraid of death (seen by me in dream) (On a high way …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *